The European Commission stresses the need for strategic planning in their transport policy documents such as the Action Plan on Urban Mobility (2009) and the White Paper on Transport (2011) or the Urban Mobility Package (2013). The new approach - unlike the traditional transport planning - highlights the importance of public and stakeholders’ participation, as well as of coordination of decision-making among various sectors (incl. sectors of transport, land use, economic development, social policy, health care, safety, etc.), among administration levels and close institutions.
The 2013 Urban Mobility Package sets out a concept for Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) that has emerged from a broad exchange between stakeholders and planning experts across the European Union. The concept describes the main features of a modern and sustainable urban mobility and transport plan. It comprises the following main elements:
Preparing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) is a complex undertaking. Guidelines developed with the Commission's support offer concrete suggestions on how to apply the SUMP concept and prepare an urban mobility strategy that builds on a clear vision for the sustainable development of an urban area. This process of developing and implementing a SUMP can be broken down into 11 main steps: